Durable building materials for commercial construction


Any substance used to construct a structure is referred to as a building material. The construction business uses a variety of materials for construction. Depending on their structural capacity, we employ various materials. Building materials used in construction are governed by regional and national standards. On the other hand, architects select building materials based on cost and beauty. By selecting the best material for your project, you may improve and extend its lifespan. Below is a list of some of the most typical building supplies.


building (Photo from iStock)

A very popular building material is concrete. It is made of a composite substance that combines cement and water with fine and coarse aggregate as a binder. Then allowed to cure and set for a while. In general, concrete needs 28 days to reach its optimum strength after seven days of curing. Concrete that has steel inserted in it to boost the structural tensile strength is known as reinforced concrete and is most frequently used in construction.

Concrete is available in a variety of forms, including waterproof and light-weight varieties. The kind of concrete used is determined by the kind of project. The ability to pour concrete into any form and have it cure into a material resembling stone is one of the material’s greatest benefits.

Concrete is a widely used material in construction due to its low cost and adaptability. Concrete is utilized for
  • Foundations
  • building residential structures
  • development of commercial structures
  • construction of bridges
  • sewers and culverts.

Steel for building

building (Photo from iStock)

As a result of our discovery of steel as a reinforcement material, the building of skyscrapers exploded. A composite material called steel is created from iron and carbon alloys. Steel is highly functional and strong.  In comparison to other building materials, it is also less expensive to freight, lightweight, and simple to deal with. Steel does not easily deform unless we apply a lot of weight to it, and even when bent, it maintains its structural integrity. It is used to construct the structural framework of towering modern buildings because of its structural stability.

Steel stands out thanks to its great strength to weight ratio. Compared to concrete, it takes less time to install, and we can do it anywhere. However, corrosion might occur if steel is not fitted properly. Steel’s propensity to degrade at high temperatures is one of the material’s major disadvantages for use in building. The type of steel determines how fire resistant it is.

The following are some common uses of steel in construction:
  • To boost the tensile strength of structural parts, we employ steel as reinforcing bars.
  • Steel is used to create roofing materials such purlins, interior walls, ceilings, and cladding.
  • We utilise it to create interior fixtures like railings and stairs.
  • Utilities: Steel is used in the construction of underground electricity, gas, fuel and water lines.


building (Photo from iStock)

Given how long wood has been used for construction, it may be the oldest material. It is readily available, economical, powerful, long-lasting, and flexible in every way. It can be moulded, bent, or dried into the desired shapes.

In addition to being durable, wood is an environmentally friendly material. Wood may be used to construct both residential and commercial structures, and it blends well with other materials. Steel, stone, and aluminium all operate well with it. Wood is relatively lightweight and straightforward to standardize in size when compared to other building materials. It is effective in insulating and soundproofing, and it has a high tensile strength.

In the following sectors of building, we employ wood:
  • Building of the ceiling, floors and walls
  • building interior features including door and window frames
  • structures’ frames in buildings and bridges
  • Thermal defence
  • acoustical protection

Stone used for building

building (Photo from iStock)

The most durable building material is stone. Stone is used to construct some of the world’s oldest structures. Stone is frequently used for walls and flooring because of its adaptable texture. It is available in a wide range of colours and finishes, from smooth to rough. Sandstone, granite, and marble are a few examples of stones that are utilized in building. Although common stone is inexpensive, expensive finishes are available. Quality and colour affect the price and length of manufacture for marble countertops.

Stone has some shortcomings. Because of its weight and the impact of its density, moving it is challenging. Stone is a poor insulator as well, making it useless for insulation in cold climates.

In the following ways, stone is used in construction:
  • as a construction-related rough aggregate
  • For walls, dams, and bridge piers in masonry
  • as railway ballast
  • To prevent dampness on exterior walls
  • Marble and other stones make superb polish finishes.


building (Photo from iStock)

Bricks, which are rectangular blocks, are used in masonry, and they are afterwards joined with mortar. Clay that had been fired and dried was traditionally used to make bricks. Despite having a great compression resistance, they are easily breakable. The most important bricks in use now are steel-reinforced concrete blocks. Durable and fire-resistant is masonry. We utilise it to build load-bearing walls due of its strong compressive strength. Masonry can support multi-story structures when reinforced with concrete, making it a cost-effective material for construction.

Masonry is used in a variety of building materials, including:
  • applied to walls
  • used to construct masonry foundations
  • For decorative treatments, other forms are utilized, such as veneer masonry.
  • In places that are prone to flooding, gabion building also uses masonry.

Construction foam for building

building (Photo from iStock)

Unique and having a high strength-to-weight ratio is bamboo. Its strong tensile strength and compressive strength are comparable to those of concrete, brick, and wood. Bridges, scaffolding, and residential buildings are where it is most commonly used.

To prevent air intrusion and offer thermal insulation, buildings use this plastic foam material. Polystyrene and polyurethane foam that is injected between cement, wood, and other concrete forms are two popular types of concrete foam.


building (Photo from iStock)

Glass, which is created from liquid sand, is used to build most facades on buildings. Additionally, it is employed for internal building partitions and floors. Glass is more aesthetically pleasing and lighter than brick and masonry.


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